A close-up of a permanent resident card. Form I-130, Petition for Alien Relative, can help your family member obtain permanent residency in the United States.
Both U.S. citizens and green card holders may use Form I-130 to petition for relatives to receive legal permanent residency (LPR) status. Relatives of a U.S.citizen who may qualify for a green card include:
Preference of these qualified relatives is given to immediate relatives with spouses and children at the top of the list. LPR qualified relatives are:
Here are some tips to keep in mind to ensure your petition for relative application is accepted and processed in a timely manner:
There are multiple fees associated with filing USCIS forms. You can expect to pay a total of $955 to apply for a relative’s green card using Form I-130. This includes:
A U.S. citizen or permanent resident may sponsor more than one relative. File Form I-130 for each relative you are sponsoring. For example, if you are applying for your parents, you must submit FormI-130 for each parent.
Once U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) receives your Form I-130, the agency processes the petition for relative application. USCIS will then send you:
Normally, when the USCIS approves the petition, the agency sends it to the U.S. Department of State’s National Visa Center (NVC). When a U.S. visa is available, the NVC notifies both you and your relative of the invitation to apply for an immigrant visa. The invitation extends to qualifying dependents as well.
USCIS Form I-864 on a clipboard. This is the Affidavit of Support application form needed to sponsor an immigrant for U.S. citizenship.
When the time comes for the relative to immigrate, the petitioner must agree to be his or her financial sponsor by filing Form I-864, Affidavit of Support. The form states your commitment of financial support to your immigrating relative. The minimum annual income requirement is 125% of Federal Poverty Guidelines.
How long your application will take to process depends on the status of the sponsoring relative. Green card holders sponsoring an immediate relative can expect a processing time between 13 and 19 months. U.S. citizens who sponsor an immediate relative using Form I-130 may experience a wait time between 15 and 20 months.
You can check the status of your petition for relative application on the USCIS website. If your application status says it has been approved but you haven’t received notification yet, contact USCIS at 800-375-5283.
If you do not provide enough information for USCIS to make a decision, you will be issued a Request for Evidence (RFE). Your application to petition for a relative’s green card may be denied if you ignore the request or do not provide enough information.
USCIS will not refund your money, even if your petition for relative application is denied. The most important thing you can do is make sure your application is prepared with care. FileRight will help ensure your application is correct and complete.
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